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Image: brain with synapses; Copyright: / denisismagilov

Nanowire Memristor to reproduce the synapses of the brain


Emulating and understanding the human brain is one of the most important challenges for modern technology: on the one hand, the ability to artificially reproduce the processing of brain signals is one of the cornerstones for the development of artificial intelligence, while on the other the understanding of the cognitive processes at the base of the human mind is still far away.
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Image: illustration of a network; Copyright: Fraunhofer IWM

Creating digital twins of materials


To ensure the digital networking of production systems and the optimization of material-specific requirements, we need to measure, analyze and replicate the changes in material properties in a process in which "digital twins" of materials are created. The materials data space developed by Fraunhofer researchers has laid the groundwork for this process.
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Image: 3D medical imaging; Copyright: Andrew Kingston and colleagues

Study could lead to safer and cheaper 3D medical imaging


A new study led by The Australian National University (ANU) has discovered a promising way to significantly lower doses of X-rays that has the potential to revolutionise 3D medical imaging and make screening for early signs of disease much cheaper and safer.
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Image: Hands of a robot and a human being; Copyright: / Wavebreakmedia Itd.

Electronic glove gives robots a sense of touch


Stanford engineers have developed an electronic glove containing sensors that could one day give robotic hands the sort of dexterity that humans take for granted.
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Image: illustration of MXene materials; Copyright: Drexel University

MXene – Standing in for a kidney


For more than 3 million people around the world, kidney failure is a life-altering diagnosis. While about 17 percent of people in the U.S. with end-stage kidney disease are now getting transplants, the average time spent waiting is 3-5 years. These people spend several hours multiple times each week attached to a dialysis machine that cleans the toxins from their blood.
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Image: Brain grafic; Copyright: Reference 1 © 2018 John Wiley and Sons

Making collective sense of brainwaves


The lack of tools to be able to pinpoint anomalies in large datasets that vary through time sparked a search by KAUST scientists for new efficiencies to help brain research.
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Image: Robotic arm; Copyright: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Robotic arm for self-help mobile rehabilitation for stroke patients


The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) developed a robotic arm to facilitate self-help and upper-limb mobile rehabilitation for stroke patients. The lightweight device enables the patients to engage in intensive and effective self-help rehabilitation exercise anywhere, anytime after they are discharged from hospital.
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Image: left to right: Nikos Hadjichristidis, Dominik L. Michels and Franziska Lissel; Copyright: 2018 KAUST

Polymers offer a better view


Improvements in how samples are prepared will add range and flexibility to a method that detects the location of selected molecules within a biological sample, such as a slice of tissue.
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Image: groovy surface of a hydrogel pad; Copyright: Jason Shear/University of Texas at Austin.

Honey, I shrunk the cell culture


From "Fantastic Voyage" to "Despicable Me," shrink rays have been a science-fiction staple on screen. Now chemists at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a real shrink ray that can change the size and shape of a block of gel-like material while human or bacterial cells grow on it.
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Image: image made with an electron microscope; Copyright: ANANIKOV V. P

Electron microscope provided look inside the organic chemical reaction


Scientists from Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow managed to look inside an organic chemical reaction with electron microscope and recorded the occurred transformation in real time.
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