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COMPAMED Newsletter

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Image: illustration of MXene materials; Copyright: Drexel University

MXene – Standing in for a kidney


For more than 3 million people around the world, kidney failure is a life-altering diagnosis. While about 17 percent of people in the U.S. with end-stage kidney disease are now getting transplants, the average time spent waiting is 3-5 years. These people spend several hours multiple times each week attached to a dialysis machine that cleans the toxins from their blood.
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Image: Brain grafic; Copyright: Reference 1 © 2018 John Wiley and Sons

Making collective sense of brainwaves


The lack of tools to be able to pinpoint anomalies in large datasets that vary through time sparked a search by KAUST scientists for new efficiencies to help brain research.
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Image: Robotic arm; Copyright: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Robotic arm for self-help mobile rehabilitation for stroke patients


The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) developed a robotic arm to facilitate self-help and upper-limb mobile rehabilitation for stroke patients. The lightweight device enables the patients to engage in intensive and effective self-help rehabilitation exercise anywhere, anytime after they are discharged from hospital.
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Image: left to right: Nikos Hadjichristidis, Dominik L. Michels and Franziska Lissel; Copyright: 2018 KAUST

Polymers offer a better view


Improvements in how samples are prepared will add range and flexibility to a method that detects the location of selected molecules within a biological sample, such as a slice of tissue.
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Image: groovy surface of a hydrogel pad; Copyright: Jason Shear/University of Texas at Austin.

Honey, I shrunk the cell culture


From "Fantastic Voyage" to "Despicable Me," shrink rays have been a science-fiction staple on screen. Now chemists at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a real shrink ray that can change the size and shape of a block of gel-like material while human or bacterial cells grow on it.
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Image: image made with an electron microscope; Copyright: ANANIKOV V. P

Electron microscope provided look inside the organic chemical reaction


Scientists from Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry of Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow managed to look inside an organic chemical reaction with electron microscope and recorded the occurred transformation in real time.
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Image: A comparison of LISA against the most commonly used other statistical inference algorithms; Copyright: Gabriele Lohmann/MPI for Biological Cybernetics

LISA: Scientists introduce a new method of statistical inference in neuroimaging (fMRI)


New method detects brain activations with improved sensitivity and accuracy.
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Image: This paper strip (extremely zoomed in) contains two copies of the test. The three glowing dots per test indicate that you can check on three different antibodies within one test; Copyright: Bar

Glow-in-the-dark paper as a rapid test for infectious diseases


Researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology (The Netherlands) and Keio University (Japan) present a practicable and reliable way to test for infectious diseases. All you need are a special glowing paper strip, a drop of blood and a digital camera. Not only does this make the technology very cheap and fast, it also makes expensive and time-consuming laboratory measurements unnecessary.
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   Image: 3D bioprinted structure containing green algae (Chlamydomonas) in a hydrogel; Copyright:  Anja Lode, TU Dresden

3D bioprinting of living structures with built-in chemical sensors


A team of researchers led by Professor Michael Kühl at the Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen has just published a breakthrough in 3D bioprinting. Together with German colleagues at the Technical University of Dresden, Professor Kühls group implemented oxygen sensitive nanoparticles into a gel material that can be used for 3D printing.
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Image: Five metal elements are blended here in a small cluster on a one-nanometer scale; Copyright: Takamasa Tsukamoto

Breakthrough in blending metals


Researchers in Japan have found a way to create innovative materials by blending metals with precision control. Their approach, based on a concept called atom hybridization, opens up an unexplored area of chemistry that could lead to the development of advanced functional materials.
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Image: Prof. Dr. Marcelo Fernandez-Lahore (left) with Senior Researcher Dr. Martin Kangwa; Copyright: Jacobs University

Making better use of enzymes: a new research project


In biocatalysis, enzymes are used to accelerate chemical reactions. This plays a role in many areas, such as the pharmaceutical industry. A research project at the English-medium Jacobs University led by Marcelo Fernandez-Lahore, Professor of Biochemical Engineering, aims to create a novel platform for facilitating the further processing of a wide range of biological products.
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Image: Schematic of an artificial neural network predicting a stable garnet crystal prototype; Copyright: Weike Ye

Artificial neural networks to predict new stable materials


Artificial neural networks - algorithms inspired by connections in the brain - have "learned" to perform a variety of tasks, from pedestrian detection in self-driving cars, to analyzing medical images, to translating languages. Now, researchers at the University of California San Diego are training artificial neural networks to predict new stable materials.
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