Photonics has developed from optical communications technology in the 1980s – especially through the use of glass fibers as a transmission medium. Today, it concerns itself, among other things, with the production of micro- and nano-structured components. Thus, for example, micro-robots are to be developed in the near future which collect information inside the human body. In the current Special May, we put these innovative technologies under the microscope.
Infrared optics: micro and nanostructures provide new insights
Medicine uses many different forms of energy that remain hidden from our sight: X-rays, ultrasound, magnetic fields, ultraviolet and infrared light. Infrared radiation, in particular, is very versatile when it is generated and measured with micro and nanostructured optics.
Laser technology: producing and assembling micro polymer components
Assembling components ten micrometers in size like Lego bricks without touching them? The team led by Professor Esen at the Ruhr University Bochum manages to do this by combining three laser techniques. In the near future, the plan is to develop micro-robots that are able to conduct analyses in the human body and send important information.