Although a pacemaker is small, it fulfills a big function: It helps a sick heart to beat in a normal rhythm again. That's why a regular technical inspection of this vital device is crucial. At the Catholic Hospital Essen Philippusstift, we took a closer look at this technical marvel and its monitoring process.
When researchers want to reproduce the effects of specific substances on the human body in the laboratory, they use cell-based biosensors. But their production is expensive and intricate. As part of the BIOGRAPHY project, a brand-new manufacturing method was developed right at the Fraunhofer-Institute for Biomedical Engineering.