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COMPAMED Newsletter

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'Smart' replies help humans communicate during pandemic


Daily life during a pandemic means social distancing and finding new ways to remotely connect with friends, family and co-workers. And as we communicate online and by text, artificial intelligence could play a role in keeping our conversations on track, according to new Cornell University research.
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Image: A man holds a tablet in his hand with which he

Breast cancer: App detects harsh side effect of treatment


Some 20 percent of breast cancer survivors will suffer from lymphedema, a potentially severe side effect of treatment that makes arms swell with lymph. The disease is often overlooked, but commercially available app-based technology now makes early detection easier, allowing for proactive treatment.
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Image: man in laboratory; Copyright: MPQ / Thorsten Naeser

Sensitive detection of molecules


Short pulses of strong laser light make the concentration of molecules visible. To observe molecules, one has to use sensitive tools. Such measurements would be important for determining the concentration of minute particles in blood samples or during neuronal information transfer in the brain.
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Image: data transfer; Copyright:

Researchers demonstrate new concept of optical fiber sensors


Optical fibers enable our era of the internet, as they carry vast amounts of data all around the world. Fibers are also an excellent sensor platform. They can reach over hundreds of kilometers, simply embedded within structures, and can be installed in hazardous environment where the use of electricity is prohibited. However, optical fiber sensors also face an inherent, fundamental challenge.
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Image: Pregnant woman texting with a smart phone sitting on a couch in the living room in a house interior; Copyright: PantherMedia / Antonio Guillen Fernández

App to determine risk of preterm birth


An improved mobile phone app will help identify women who need special treatments at the right time and reduce emotional and financial burden on families and the NHS.
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Image: blood vials on a sheet of paper; Copyright:PantherMedia / fotoquique

Miniaturized 'warehouse robots' for biotechnology applications


UCLA engineers have developed minuscule warehouse logistics robots that could help expedite and automate medical diagnostic technologies and other applications that move and manipulate tiny drops of fluid. The study was published in Science Robotics.
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Image: Artistic Rendering (image); Copyright:University of Sussex

Researchers combine lasers and terahertz waves in camera


A team of physicists at the University of Sussex has successfully developed the first nonlinear camera capable of capturing high-resolution images of the interior of solid objects using terahertz (THz) radiation.
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Image: Baby diapers ; Copyright: PantherMedia / Valerio Rosati

Low-cost 'smart' diaper


Now MIT researchers have developed a "smart" diaper embedded with a moisture sensor that can alert a caregiver when a diaper is wet. When the sensor detects dampness in the diaper, it sends a signal to a nearby receiver, which in turn can send a notification to a smartphone or computer.
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Image: Infrared-Optical Hybrid Images ; Copyright: Rohit Bhargava, University of Illinois

Hybrid microscope for digital biopsy


By adding infrared capability to the ubiquitous, standard optical microscope, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign hope to bring cancer diagnosis into the digital era.
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Image: graphic of a baby in the womb and a hand that scans the belly; Copyright: PantherMedia / CLIPAREA

Smart pregnancy


Wouldn’t it be handy if you were able to record your baby’s heartbeat or even take an ultrasound scan just using a smartphone app at home, without having to make an appointment to visit your obstetrician or go to the hospital, with all the additional travel and waiting time that entails? Technology is currently being developed which ought to make this possible in the near future.
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Image: Chalk board with writing on it; Copyright: Dr Ciaran Lee (2020)

AI can spot when correlation does mean causation


AI can merge overlapping and incomplete medical datasets and then determine which variables are causative, giving new possibilities for old data; scientists at Babylon demonstrated the potential of the AI on data from tumors and protein structures.
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Image: 3D-printer working like an ink roller Copyright: Daria Perevezentsev/U of T Engineering

Handheld 3D printer for severe burns


Researchers develop a skin printer that works like a paint roller, depositing bio ink that speeds up wound healing.
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Image: Grey white illustration with numbers to explain the microrobot; Copyright: MPI for Intelligent Systems

Acoustically driven microrobot


Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart have designed and fabricated an untethered microrobot that can slip along either a flat or curved surface in a liquid when exposed to ultrasound waves.
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Image: 3D-printed magnetic rings and cubes; Copyright: IMAT - TU Graz

Sustainable 3D-printed super magnets


Magnetic materials play important roles in electrical products. These materials are usually manufactured by means of established production techniques and use of rare earth metals. Several research teams at TU Graz are working on alternative, more environmentally friendly production methods.
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Illustration: a human hand  and a robot hand with a glucose messing system; Copyright:  PantherMedia / Andriy Popov

Designing better nursing care with robots


Robots are becoming an increasingly important part of human care, according to researchers based in Japan. To help improve the safety and efficacy of robotic care, the scientists have developed a control method that could help robots better replicate human movement when lifting and moving a patient. They published their results in IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica.
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Illustration: Perfusion Machine in a hospital room; Copyright: USZ

Machine keeps human livers alive


Researchers from the University Hospital Zurich, ETH Zurich, Wyss Zurich and the University of Zurich have developed a machine that repairs injured human livers and keeps them alive outside the body for one week. This breakthrough may increase the number of available organs for transplantation saving many lives of patients with severe liver diseases or cancer.
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Image: Excitation of helium nanodroplets by ultra-short laser pulses; Copyright: AG Stienkemeier

Ultrafast reaction of superfluid helium triggerd by extreme ultraviolet laser pulses


A team headed by Professor Frank Stienkemeier at Freiburg’s Institute of Physics and Dr. Marcel Mudrich, professor at the University of Aarhus in Denmark, has observed the ultrafast reaction of nanodroplets of helium after excitation with extreme ultraviolet radiation (XUV) using a free-electron laser in real time.
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