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COMPAMED Newsletter

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AI to help manage type 1 diabetes


Researchers and physicians at Oregon Health & Science University, using artificial intelligence and automated monitoring, have designed a method to help people with type 1 diabetes better manage their glucose levels.
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Image: Grains of rice with the tiny implant on top ; Copyright: Jeff Fitlow/Rice University

Innovation: tiny, magnetically powered neural stimulator


Rice University neuroengineers have created a tiny surgical implant that can electrically stimulate the brain and nervous system without using a battery or wired power supply.
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Image: Graphic of a brain with different signs on it ; Copyright: Mindy Takamiya/Kyoto University iCeMS

Artificial intelligence enhances brain tumour diagnosis


A highly accurate machine learning tool could help doctors tailor individualized treatments for people with glioma brain tumours.
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Image: Fluorescence image of an early embryo containing a device; Copyright: Professor Tony Perry

Nanodevices show how cells change from the inside


For the first time, scientists have introduced minuscule tracking devices directly into the interior of mammalian cells, giving an unprecedented peek into the processes that govern the beginning of development.
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Image: a hand holding the device on top of a blue background; Copyright: Nishiyama K. et al., Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. April 21, 2020

Device can detect anti-virus antibody in 20 minutes


Researchers have succeeded in detecting anti-avian influenza virus antibody in blood serum within 20 minutes, using a portable analyzer they have developed to conduct rapid on-site bio tests. If a suitable reagent is developed, this technology could be used to detect antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19.
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Image: Graph of the micro robot in a blood vessel; Copyright: Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems

Rolling into the deep


Scientists took a leukocyte as the blueprint and developed a microrobot that has the size, shape and moving capabilities of a white blood cell. Simulating a blood vessel in a laboratory setting, they succeeded in magnetically navigating the ball-shaped microroller through this dynamic and dense environment.
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Image: male doctor holding a sign with the word

Imaging tool: Researchers see extent of Alzheimer's early damage


New imaging technology allows scientists to see the widespread loss of brain synapses in early stages of Alzheimer's disease, a finding that one day may help aid in drug development, according to a new Yale University study.
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Image: graphic of defective graphene in blue, gold and a violet background; Copyright: Daria Sokol/MIPT Press Office

Defective graphene has high electrocatalytic activity


Scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Skoltech, and the Russian Academy of Sciences Joint Institute for High Temperatures have conducted a theoretical study of the effects of defects in graphene on electron transfer at the graphene-solution interface.
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Image: graphic of nanolaser physics; Copyright: Graphic by Rhonda Hitchcock-Mast/ASU

Shedding new light on nanolasers


A physics process yielding low-power nanolasers in 2D semiconductor materials could be a game-changer for high speed communications.
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Image: robotic hand connected with a human hand; Copyright: Texas A&M University College of Engineering

Researchers help give robotic arms a steady hand for surgeries


Steady hands and uninterrupted, sharp vision are critical when performing surgery on delicate structures like the brain or hair-thin blood vessels. While surgical cameras have improved what surgeons see during operative procedures, the "steady hand" remains to be enhanced.
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Image: Woman with multi string devices touches a lion head sculputre; Copyright: Carnegie Mellon University

New device simulates solid objects in virtual reality


Today's virtual reality systems can create immersive visual experiences, but seldom do they enable users to feel anything -- particularly walls, appliances and furniture. A new device developed at Carnegie Mellon University, however, uses multiple strings attached to the hand and fingers to simulate the feel of obstacles and heavy objects.
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Image: Snapshot of the nanofilm; Copyright: Universitäten Stuttgart, Duisburg-Essen und Melbourne

The dynamics of plasmonic skyrmions made from light on ultra-smooth gold platelets


The destructive force of a tornado occurs due to the extremely high rotational speeds in its center, which is called “vortex”. Surprisingly, similar effects as in such storms are predicted for light that travels along an atomically smooth gold surface. This light can exhibit angular momentum and vortices.
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Picture: computer model of the lung; Copyright: Jakob Richter / TUM

Computational lung model for Covid-19 and ARDS


The use of mechanical ventilation can save lives. But at the same time, the ventilation pressure puts immense stress on delicate lung tissue. Especially for patients with preexisting lung damage, the use of ventilators can prove deadly. A computational lung model that’s been developed by the Technical University of Munich can be used to reduce damage caused by mechanical ventilation.
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Picture: three people standing behind a 3D fluorescence microscope; Copyright: The University of Hong Kong

More efficient fluorescence microscopy with novel 3D imaging technology


Scientists have been using fluorescence microscopy to study the inner workings of biological cells and organisms for decades. However, many of these platforms are often too slow to follow the biological action in 3D; and too damaging to the living biological specimens with strong light illumination.
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Picture: Man in hospital during dialysis; Copyright: PantherMedia / Klaus Ohlenschläger

Computer model for treatment of diabetic kidney diseases


Diabetic kidney diseases are the main cause of kidney failure in industrialised countries. An international, EU-funded R&D project is being implemented with the aim of using computer software to provide personalised predictions of the disease’s progression and bring about improvements in individuals’ responses to treatment.
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'Smart' replies help humans communicate during pandemic


Daily life during a pandemic means social distancing and finding new ways to remotely connect with friends, family and co-workers. And as we communicate online and by text, artificial intelligence could play a role in keeping our conversations on track, according to new Cornell University research.
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