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COMPAMED Newsletter

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Illustration: Perfusion Machine in a hospital room; Copyright: USZ

Machine keeps human livers alive

14.01.2020

Researchers from the University Hospital Zurich, ETH Zurich, Wyss Zurich and the University of Zurich have developed a machine that repairs injured human livers and keeps them alive outside the body for one week. This breakthrough may increase the number of available organs for transplantation saving many lives of patients with severe liver diseases or cancer.
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Image: Excitation of helium nanodroplets by ultra-short laser pulses; Copyright: AG Stienkemeier

Ultrafast reaction of superfluid helium triggerd by extreme ultraviolet laser pulses

09.01.2020

A team headed by Professor Frank Stienkemeier at Freiburg’s Institute of Physics and Dr. Marcel Mudrich, professor at the University of Aarhus in Denmark, has observed the ultrafast reaction of nanodroplets of helium after excitation with extreme ultraviolet radiation (XUV) using a free-electron laser in real time.
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Illustration: architecture of TruST, a robotic device that retrains patients with spinal cord injury to sit more stably; Copyright: Sunil Agrawal and Victor Santamaria/Columbia Engineering

Robotic trunk support assists those with spinal cord injury

07.01.2020

Spinal cord injuries (SCI) can cause devastating damage, including loss of mobility and sensation. Every year, there are an estimated 17,000 new SCIs in the US alone, a rate higher than in most regions of the world. In addition, the rate of SCIs in people 65-years or older is expected to rise in the US, from 13.0 percent in 2010 to 16.1 percent by 2020.
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Image: a supercomputer in Japan; Copyright: RIKEN

AI: identifies unknown features associated with cancer recurrence

19.12.2019

Artificial intelligence (AI) technology developed by the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) in Japan has successfully found features in pathology images from human cancer patients, without annotation, that could be understood by human doctors.
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Image: a head shaped tree looses its leafes; Copyright: PantherMedia.net/Lightsource

Astrophysics and AI may offer key to early dementia diagnosis

18.12.2019

Crucial early diagnosis of dementia in general practice could improve thanks to a computer model designed in a collaboration between Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS) and astrophysicists at the University of Sussex.
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Image: A small yewllow electronic device on a white background; Copyright: Jared Pike/Purdue University

Wearable device for people with swallowing problems

17.12.2019

A wearable monitoring device to make treatments easier and more affordable for the millions of people with swallowing disorders is about to be released into the market.
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Image: Letters AI in green; Copyright: PantherMedia / luca de polo

Reducing risk in AI and machine learning-based medical technology

10.12.2019

Artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) are increasingly transforming the healthcare sector. From spotting malignant tumours to reading CT scans and mammograms, AI/ML-based technology is faster and more accurate than traditional devices - or even the best doctors. But along with the benefits come new risks and regulatory challenges.
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Image: a skull and a graphic of the machine in black and white; Copyright: Massouh bioMEDia for the Polytechnique Montréal Nanorobotics Laboratory

Instrument for deep and convoluted blood vessel networks

05.12.2019

A team led by Professor Sylvain Martel at the Polytechnique Montréal Nanorobotics Laboratory has developed a novel approach to tackling one of the biggest challenges of endovascular surgery: how to reach the most difficult-to-access physiological locations.
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Image: nanoreactor ; Copyright: Sune Levin and Nature Communications

Light at the end of the nanotunnel

15.11.2019

Using a new type of nanoreactor, researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, have succeeded in mapping catalytic reactions on individual metallic nanoparticles.
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Image: smiling man with beard; Copyright: CU Boulder

How artificial intelligence can transform psychiatry

14.11.2019

New technologies could help psychiatrists better diagnose and monitor patients, but distrust abounds.
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Image: x–y view of a section from the top surface of a brain.; Copyright: Reto Fiolka

Synapses in 3D: new method to map brain structures

13.11.2019

Our brain consists of countless nerve cells that transmit signals from one cell to the next. The connections between these cells, the synapses, provide a key to understanding how our memory works. An American research team has now succeeded in identifying these switching points in millimeter-sized tissue with a light microscope on the basis of their structure.
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Image: smart watch on the skin of a hand; Copyright: Adapted from ACS Materials Letters 2019, DOI: 10.1021/acsmaterialslett.9b00376.

Smart watch: a stretchable stopwatch lights up human skin

01.11.2019

Imagine a runner who doesn't need to carry a stopwatch or cell phone to check her time: She could just gaze at the glowing stopwatch display on the back of her hand. Such human-machine interfaces are no longer science fiction, but they still have a way to go before becoming mainstream.
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